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CMST Communication


This page provides links to style sheets for citation styles. Style sheets provide examples of how to cite print books and articles, e-books, articles in online databases, articles on the web, web pages, etc.

Your course instructors will typically require you to use a specific publication/citation style such as MLA, APA  or IEEE. Use the citation style recommended by your professor. If no style is recommended, choose one style and stick to it. Consistency is key, so don't mix styles in a bibliography.

Each style has its own rules, so you will need to know what those rules are. 

APA Citation Style Guides

APA Citation

The sources listed below provide assistance and examples of the APA style.

Best STARTING POINT on the Web for citation examples:


APA provides the following sources:



MLA Citation Style Guides

MLA Citation

The following sources provide assistance and examples of the Modern Language Association (MLA) style.

Best STARTING POINT on the Web for citation examples:

Additional MLA Guides (in print in library):

Additional citation examples on the web, if needed:

Legal Citation Guides

Legal citation

Web sites which provide assistance and examples of legal citation:

Scientific Style Guides: Biology , Chemistry, & Physics

Biology: CBE/CSE

The documentation style common in biology has been that of the CBE, the Council of Biology Editors. However, the Council of Biology Editors is now known as the Council of Science Editors (CSE). See the following sources for information about the CSE style.

Chemistry: ACS

Chemists typically use the documentation style of the American Chemical Society (ACS). The following sources provide help and examples.


Physics: AIP

The AIP (American Institute of Physics) documentation style is commonly used in physics. The following sources will help you use this style.

IEEE and Chicago Style Guides

IEEE and Chicago Styles

Karl E. Mundt Library, Dakota State University, Madison, South Dakota 57042